Product name: mGLFW
Synonyms: Myristoyl tetrapeptide Gly-Leu-Phe-Trp (mGLFW) ,
Purity: 95% by HPLC
Counter ion: Trifluoacetate
Format: Lyophilized powder
Description: Regulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) composition is important in tissue homeostasis and function. We screened small peptides for their ability to inhibit ultraviolet (UV)-induced cell metabolism in epidermal fibroblasts. We found that UV irradiation increased matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression and inflammatory gene expression in human Hs68 fibroblast cells. We also demonstrated that a myristoyl tetrapeptide with the amino acid sequence Gly-Leu-Phe-Trp (mGLFW) suppressed the UV-induced expression of MMPs and inflammatory genes. Moreover, mGLFW stimulated the expression of ECM proteins in Hs68 fibroblasts. In order to provide the mechanism of action for mGLFW, we investigated UV-induced signaling changes in the presence of mGLFW using a cDNA microarray. UV exposure increased the expression of MMP genes, such as MMP1, MMP3, and MMP14, and inflammation-related genes, including interleukin 1 receptor and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ). Treatment with mGLFW abrogated the UV-induced expression of MMP-related genes and inflammatory genes. In addition, mGLFW increased the expression of collagen genes, including COL1A1, COL1A2, and COL5A1. We examined whether the activation of AP-1, a UV-activated transcription factor, is suppressed by mGLFW. The results demonstrated that AP-1 expression increased upon UV exposure and that this expression was inhibited by mGLFW. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that mGLFW reversed the effects of UV exposure by enhancing the expression of collagen proteins and suppressing the expression of MMPs, which degrade the ECM.
Usage: For Scientific Research Use Only, Not for Human Use.